The social norms and teachings that have existed since childhood have taught us that only the two sexes are normal in this world and that it is not uncommon for there to be a transition or a third gender identity between the two sexes. But what we need to understand is that the issue of gender can be thought of not only in physical terms but also about one’s mind. Although physical traits may appear to identify a man, a woman, or a woman, we cannot assume that his or her mind is consistently or evenly aligned with the gender they biologically receive. Therefore, in some parts of the world, it is now accepted as a humanitarian need and a good social trait to allow people who do not mentally agree with their body to transition to the opposite sex physically and mentally.
So this article is going to bring you some information about the attitudes of the Native American civilizations on these matters. Of course, they do not consider gender just by looking at someone’s genitals. They explained all these identities based on a person’s soul. Thus, thousands of years old, these tribes have been able to take man’s identity to unimaginable depths.
Native American two-spiritsBefore the arrival of Europeans in North America, there were hundreds or thousands of different indigenous peoples in the region.
Before European civilization took root in the North American region, the natives here identified a person’s sexual identity in a slightly different way. Thus, in addition to the gender of Native Americans, they maintained a third gender or “two-spirit” gender identity within their tribe. But it should be noted that the word “two spirits” is a term used by Native Americans recently, as anyone can understand. The reason for this is that each tribe uses different names, which have different meanings to refer to this third sex. For example, the Navaho tribe defined “dual souls” as “the idea of being” transformed from one sex to another. ” The Lakota tribes, meanwhile, interpreted this as “a man who likes to behave like a woman.” Accordingly, the general meaning of the third sexual identity, “To Spirit,” is simply interpreted as “the duality of female and male souls in the same body.”
There is an important point we need to understand from this. This shows that in these tribal societies, whether transgender or transsexual is born, or lives with a man or a woman who exhibits feminine traits, it is not a matter of strangeness, rejection, or contempt for them. They see a person’s sexual identity not as something that can be divided into two genders, but as something that exists as a fluidity. Why has such a mediocre mentality developed among these societies? we’ll see.
The belief that the soul is more important than the physical body Many Native Americans preferred the spiritual to the physical. Even today, the rest of the Indigenous people in countries such as the United States and Canada believe that a person’s personality and personality are a reflection of their soul. Accordingly, it is their recognition that even the gender of a man is determined by the soul that approaches the body at birth. There was no way to determine one’s gender by genitals or physical factors. Because of this, transgender people, or those who do not fully transcend gender, were accustomed to accepting that both female and male souls entered into the human body at the same time and were born.
The Native American tribes used to regard this phenomenon as a very optimistic thing and considered it a blessing to have two souls lodge in one body, rather than one soul lodging in one body. Accordingly, dual-souls were born among the spiritually gifted, with recognition among them as a division that deserved more respect than the average man and woman. So instead of embarrassing such people, the natives became accustomed to treating them as spiritual leaders and even teachers.
Indigenous societies respected two-spirited people not only because of their religious attitudes. These natives also drew their attention to the service rendered to the community by those individuals. Native Americans believed that bisexuals could carry out separate tasks for both men and women at the same time. Two-sprits were often regarded as hard-working and were at the forefront of artistic ability. These people helped their siblings’ children and also took care of the elderly relatives. Going beyond that, these people are said to have played a significant role in Native American communities, taking on the responsibility of caring for orphaned children.
Among these tribal societies, men with feminine traits were expected to marry a man within the tribe, and it was common for women with masculine traits to marry another woman. The tribes had no objection to such matters. But without these boundaries, the natives were not allowed to maintain for a long time the advanced social and way of life that respected the identity of each individual.
Freedom in front of the EuropeansWith the arrival of Europeans in North America, the lives of the Native American peoples began to be greatly affected. The land in which they lived, the livelihoods, as well as the social order they had maintained for thousands of years, began to be destroyed by the Europeans. These tribes, naturally militant, began to clash with European immigrants and were annihilated. At the same time, those who considered gay marriage and the acceptance of third gender identities to be commonplace among Native Americans were severely persecuted and severely persecuted, much to the chagrin and punishment of European society at the time.
Missionaries forced bisexuals to submit to one gender identity, and those who opposed it died secretly. Or he may have committed suicide because of depression. With the enactment of Euro-American marriage laws, marriages between two-souls and their partners no longer became legal.
However, in the 1960s, programs to revive the cultural dignity of Native Americans began to be activated under the name “Red Power” ,and Native Americans began to receive support from gay liberation movements based in the United States. These organizations went further and in the 1990s many gay Native American activists in the United States and Canada were able to restore their thousands of years old social and way of life.
The content of this article may not coincide with modern or scientific explanations for transgender or transgender individuals. It should be noted that the main purpose of this article is to explain how these sexual identities and tendencies were understood by Native Americans.